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The king of our territory:

Origins of Vesuvius

The Indo-European origin of the name Vesuvius is to be found in the roots "aues" (illuminate) or "eus" (burn), tying in with its volcanic identity. The Campanian volcanic arc, which from Roccamonfina, crosses the Campi Flegrei and Ischia, reaching Vesuvius, is part of a group of volcanoes, also including the insular Etna, Vulcano, Stromboli and the submerged Marsili, formed on a subduction zone created by the convergence of the African and Eurasian plates. Structurally, Vesuvius is a typical enclosure volcano, whose outer cone (Somma) was formed at an earlier time than the inner cone. Located at an elevation of 1132 meters above sea level, Punta Nasone (part of the Somma complex) is the highest peak of the ancient cone. Hypothetical reconstruction of the eroded parts, from the multimillennial volcanic activity of Vesuvius, would return a volcanic edifice of the height of about 2,500 m. above sea level. The earliest written records of the Neapolitan volcano, date back to Strabo and Pliny the Younger. The description, as an extinct volcano, by the geographer Strabo dates back to 19 AD.

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Pliny the Younger, who witnessed the eruption of 79 A.D. from Cape Misenum, conveyed details of it after learning about it from survivors of the rescue expedition convened by his uncle, Pliny the Elder, on behalf of the people affected by the eruption.

Precisely at the turn of 106 and 107, Pliny the Younger, had the opportunity to recount those events, with a strong emphasis on the eruptive phenomenon, in two letters addressed to Tacitus, writings that became the oldest volcanological records in human history. Just among the dwellings of Pompeii, numerous frescoes are preserved that iconographically depict Vesuvius. The most famous, in all probability, remains that of the "House of the Centennial." A fresco in which Vesuvius is depicted covered by a thick vegetation of vines, testifying to the fact that, the perception of the ancients was that they were in the presence of a volcano that had been extinct or quiescent for several centuries. At the time, prior to 79 AD, the volcano was still depicted with a single peak. A territory, therefore, characterized by the presence of this volcano, which has represented, for better or for worse, an element strongly conditioning the normal course of human activities, up to the present day. A volcano, the only one still active in Continental Europe, whose repeated activity has made the soils particularly interesting for agricultural practices.



Where everything originated

At the dawn of the ninth century BCE, a diverticulum veering toward the sea, unraveling from the N/S directrix that converges from the area of Nola to the area of present-day Nocera, led a population of Italic origin, the Opici, albeit in non-settling form, to occupy the coastal promontory that was to become the site of the temple of Venus. Thus was born the history of ancient Pompeii. As early as, from the 8th century B.C., the arrival of the Greeks in Pithecusa leads to the occupation by them, of the entire area of the gulf, and also to the control - though not military - of the area of the port of Pompeii, in the area of the suburb of Porta Marina. The practice of viticulture had been part of the Greek universe since fifteen centuries before Christ, it was introduced into the Balkan environment by people of Semitic origin. Cultivation techniques often involved overripe grapes, while wines-rarely drunk in their pure state-were diluted and served during symposia. The Greeks sensed the importance of salting wines for better preservation-practice, by the way, also used in France for many centuries-and popularized the use of amphorae and dolia for the processes of winemaking, aging and transportation of liquids. The more or less peaceful relationship with the Italic peoples also led to cultural solutions such as the vine maritata and the sapling. In 89 B.C. the city became first a Roman municipium and later, in 80 B.C., a colony. The Roman epic which reached its apogee between the late 1st century BC and the first half of the 1st century AD saw wines from Campania become the most important and renowned in the ancient world. Wines from Vesuvius were exported to virtually all the major centers of the ancient Mediterranean. The Pompeian chora was dotted with wineries ante litteram, villae rusticae for the production of wine and oil, villas including Villa Regina in Boscoreale, whose production reached the considerable figure of 30,000 liters of wine a year. A building that also housed a wine cellar with 18 dolia, bordered by a portico in which, during excavation, a plaustrum, i.e., a transport cart, was found. Surrounding the courtyard were several rooms: a torcularium that housed the wine press of which a cast remains today, a vat for pressing grapes and a container in which to collect the must. Around the villa, as shown by the root casts, a vineyard unraveled from which the raw material for the wines came. The history of Pompeii, and with it the ancient viticulture of the area, ends, in some ways crystallizes, with the eruption of 79 AD.


We operate within our territory with a focus on product quality.

In this regard, we offer our customers carefully produced wines with unmistakable taste.

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Vesuvio DOC

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Pompeiano IGT

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